Askanesthetician's Blog

An esthetician explores skincare issues and concerns

April is Rosacea Awareness Month April 23, 2012

Filed under: Skin and Skincare,Skin Conditions — askanesthetician @ 5:00 am
Tags: , , , ,

April is Rosacea Awareness Month so I thought it would be a good time to remind my readers about this skin disease.

Here are some basic facts about rosacea:

Rosacea usually first strikes individuals between the ages of 30–60, and may initially resemble a simple sunburn or an inexplicable blush. Suddenly, without warning, a flush comes to their cheeks, nose, chin or forehead. Then, just when they start to feel concerned, the redness disappears.

Unfortunately, it happens again and again, becoming ruddier and lasting longer each time–and eventually visible blood vessels may appear. Without treatment, bumps and pimples often develop, growing more extensive over time, and burning, itching and stinging are common.

In severe cases, especially in men, the nose may become enlarged from the development of excess tissue. This is the condition that gave comedian W.C. Fields his trademark red, bulbous nose. In some people the eyes are also affected, feeling irritated and appearing watery or bloodshot. Severe cases of this condition, known as ocular rosacea, can result in reduced visual acuity.

Among the most famous rosacea sufferers is former President Bill Clinton, whose doctors disclosed that he has this condition in The New York Times. Others reported to have suffered from the disorder include Princess Diana, financier J.P. Morgan and the Dutch painter Rembrandt.

In new NRS surveys, 69% of rosacea patients said they experienced a flare-up related to emotional stress at least once a month, and more than 90% of the respondents said they had suffered some form of physical pain from their condition. A burning sensation was the most commonly reported discomfort, named by 75%, followed by itching, cited by 65%, and stinging, mentioned by 62%. Other types of pain associated with rosacea included swelling (44%), tightness (42%), tenderness (40%), tingling (31%), prickling (23%) and headache (20%).

Perhaps even more ravaging than its physical effects, rosacea often inflicts significant damage to people’s emotional, social and professional lives.

Source:  Only on SkinInc.com: April is Rosacea Awareness Month – Are You Helping Rosacea Clients Cope?

Though there is no cure for rosacea this skin disease can be kept under control by making lifestyle adjustments (avoiding alcohol and steam rooms, applying proper sun protection, and avoiding other individual triggers) and using the right skincare products.  The right skincare products will be soothing, gentle, and anti-inflammatory.  Figuring out what triggers your rosacea to become worse and then avoiding and controlling those triggers makes a huge difference in how your rosacea looks and then affects your life.

Hopefully in the future scientists and doctors will find a cure for this skin disease.

Sources and Further Reading:

Image from buynaturalskincare.com

 

Rosacea: Causes, Triggers, and Treatment Options October 7, 2010

Rosacea poses a vexing problem for estheticians and physicians.  It is a fairly common skin condition since it affects around 16 million people a year yet a poll found that 78% of Americans have no knowledge of this condition and do not know how to recognize or treat it.  Perhaps what is most frustrating about rosacea is that there is both no known cause* or cure (though there is ongoing research to determine the cause of this disorder).  Correct diagnosis can be difficult since there is no test for rosacea and symptoms can sometimes mimic those of acne or other skin problems and diseases.  Be sure that you trust the source of your rosacea diagnosis.  I should point out here that we estheticians cannot legally diagnosis health problems and rosacea is classified as a skin disorder.  So while an esthetician may be sure you have rosacea because of her experience be sure to get a physician’s opinion as well.  Plus as you will read below there are treatment options for rosacea that can only be dispensed by physician.

 

What is Rosacea?

 

Rosacea is a genetic inflammatory skin disorder that usually affects the face but can also affect other parts of the body as well such as areas as the chest and ears.  It is particularly common in people with fair skin and light-colored eyes.  Normally the symptoms of rosacea appear after the age of 30, and rosacea is more commonly found in women than men.  But interestingly rosacea is usually worse in men than in women.  Rosacea shows a range of symptoms from mild to severe (see the illustration below).

According to The National Rosacea Society:

 

Rosacea (pronounced “roh-ZAY-sha”) is a chronic and potentially life-disruptive disorder primarily of the facial skin, often characterized by flare-ups and remissions. Many have observed that it typically begins any time after age 30 as a redness on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead that may come and go. In some cases, rosacea may also occur on the neck, chest, scalp or ears. Over time, the redness tends to become ruddier and more persistent, and visible blood vessels may appear. Left untreated, bumps and pimples often develop, and in severe cases the nose may grow swollen and bumpy from excess tissue. This is the condition, called rhinophyma (pronounced “rhi-no-FY-muh”), that gave the late comedian W.C. Fields his trademark bulbous nose. In many rosacea patients, the eyes are also affected, feeling irritated and appearing watery or bloodshot.

 

 

Sun exposure and other rosacea triggers, more on triggers in a moment, cause blood vessels near the surface of the skin to dilate.  As this occurs the complexion appears red.  This causes the body to send inflammatory cells to the area of the dilated blood vessels and even triggers the growth of more blood vessels in the area.  The body tries to stop this process by creating more veins so that the inflammatory cells can fix the problem but all this does is create more of a problem. 

 

Rosacea Triggers

 

If you have been diagnosed with rosacea you need to take the time to figure out your triggers.  Managing your triggers will help keep your symptoms under control as much as possible.  UV (aka sun) exposure is one of the biggest rosacea triggers.  Using sunscreen and staying out of the sun (wearing a hat as well) are key to controlling rosacea.  Heat, stress, hormones, hot tubs, fragrance, allergies, spicy food, alcohol, exercise, and topical products can all trigger rosacea flare-up or make symptoms worse.

 

Rosacea Treatment Options

 

 First and foremost use your sunscreen everyday if you have rosacea.  Do not forget to reapply throughout the day even if the only time you are “outdoors” is when you are only driving to and from work.  Figure out your personal rosacea triggers and avoid them.  Use gentle skincare products (recommendations below) that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients.

A doctor can prescribe Metrogel (metronidazole) which is a powerful anti-inflammatory.  Some doctors prefer to prescribe Finacea which is azaleic acid, another strong anti-inflammatory ingredient.  Lotions and creams with sulfur, yet another anti-inflammatory ingredient, may also be prescribed.  If those steps are not enough than oral antibiotics such as Oracea may be prescribed.  Hydrocortisone is only sporadically prescribed today to patients, but a low dose of a beta-blocker like propranolol may be prescribed to prevent vasodilation and redness.

In terms of in-office treatments for rosacea IPL (intense pulse light) and laser treatments are available.  IPL is a very effective way to get rid of extra blood vessels and to calm redness.  In the case of severe rosacea a doctor may opt to treat with a laser such as the Vbeam instead of using IPL.

Rosacea patients need to be patient since it usually takes 12 to 16 weeks to see improvement when treating rosacea.  Additionally, as with acne you must be diligent and persistent in treating rosacea since, as of yet, there is no cure for this disorder.

 

Products:

  • Obagi Medical, which is a great physician dispensed skincare line, as set of products for rosacea:  Rosaclear
  • I have also seen that Avene has a rosacea line though I don’t know anything about it specifically.

 

Sources and Further Reading 

 

*  There is a theory that rosacea is caused by microscopic skin mites but as with all theories about the causes of rosacea this has not been conclusively proved.

 

 
%d bloggers like this: